瑞穂町図書館/温故知新 ― 瑞穂町を旅する地域資料

瑞穂の地名

二、高根  2. Takane

 高根という地名は新編武蔵風土記稿では「高根村は宮寺町の分村なり、当所の鎮守浅間の社を勧請して高根明神と号する故、村名かく呼べりとなり。」とあるが、瑞穂町史では「浅間神社は富士山村にあったわけだから当所という文字を富士山村も高根村に含まれていたと解さなければならない。これは不自然であろう。むしろ、狭山丘陵の中でも高い峯のあるところを高根と呼んだと考える方が自然である。入間市宮寺の小ケ谷戸の南に大聖寺山という場所があるが、その頂上に高根社と彫った石がたっているし、所沢市糀谷にも高根という小字があったと風土記稿は記している。しかし、現在の高根だけが村人たちに呼び伝えられて今日までその名を残したのではなかろうか。」と地形からきたという説に軍配をあげる解釈をしている。The place named Takane is described in the "Shinpen Musashi Fudoki-ko" (New edition of the culture and geography of the Mushashi Province Manuscript) thus, "Takane Village is a branch village of 'this place' (the town Miyadera [宮寺, meaning shrine and temple]), because it branched into a new shrine from the town's guardian Sengen Shrine, calling it Takane Myojin, and thus the village was named so". According to The Book of Mizuho Town's History, "Because Sengen Shrine was in Fujiyama Village, the word 'this place' must be understood to mean that Fujiyama Village was also included in the Takane Village. This would be rather unlikely. Rather, it would be more natural to assume that people called Takane (高根) because it was a place with a high peak (高峯, also pronounced as 'takane') in the Sayama Hills. There is a place called Daishoji-yama in the south of Koga-yato in Miyadera, Iruma-shi, and on its summit is a stone engraved with Takane-yashiro (Takane shrine). Also, the Shinpen Musashi Fudoki-ko wrote that there had been a Ko-aza, Takane, in Kojiya, Tokorozawa-shi. Presumably, however, only the current Takane has been continuously passed on by the villagers and retained its name to this day". Thus, it supported the interpretation that the place name described the local terrain.
 高根村を支配した旗本は大森半七郎好長家であるが、ほんの一部を坂部八郎衛門が知行している。また出雲祝神社社領が富士山村境にあった。幕府直轄地として高根新田(宮寺新田、宮野新田)が、富士山村の西、栗原新田との間にあり、出作りを行っていた。While the Hatamoto who ruled the Takane Village was of the Omori Hanshichiro Yoshinaga clan, just a part of the territory belonged to Sakabe Hachiro'emon. In addition, a 'sharyo' (land owned by Shinto shrine) of Izumo Iwai Jinja (shrine) was at the border with Fujiyama Village. As the land under the direct control of shogunate, Takane Shinden (Miyadera Shinden and Miyano Shinden) was between the Kurihara Shinden and the west of Fujiyama Village, and was cultivated as 'mochizoe' by the farmers dispatched from Takane village.