瑞穂町図書館/温故知新 ― 瑞穂町を旅する地域資料

瑞穂の地名

二、長谷部新田(はせべしんでん)  2. Hasebe Shinden

 開発名主長谷部勘治郎は、箱根街道(青梅街道)と秩父街道に挟まれた地域を新田の範囲とし、その中央に新道を設け、道の北側に人家をたてることにした。Development headman Hasebe Kanjiro decided to develop the area sandwiched between Hakone Kaido (Ome Kaido) and Chichibu Kaido as a new paddy field to provide a new road in the center, and to build houses on the north side of the road.
 この集落のある地域が元宿である。元宿の屋敷割りを見ると、秩父街道と、箱根街道とを結ぶ南北の道路の東側の屋敷の間口はどこも十五間で、西側の屋敷の間口は十二間になっている。これは、秩父街道と箱根街道が西に進むに従って間隔が広くなるので、一軒当りの耕作反別を同じようにするために、間口を加減したものである。The area associated with this community is Moto-juku. Regarding the residential allotments in Moto-juku along the road running north and south and connecting Chichibu Kaido and Hakone Kaido, each block on the east side had 15-ken (approx. 27 m) wide frontage and the west side had 12-ken (approx. 22 m). This was done in order to provide the same cultivation acreage per house, achieved by adjusting the frontage of the houses, because Chichibu Kaido and Hakone Kaido diverged towards the west, gradually creating a wider area between the two roads.