瑞穂町図書館/温故知新 ― 瑞穂町を旅する地域資料

瑞穂の地名

三、塚について  3. About Tsuka (mounds)

 加藤丹後守景忠ら一族がこの地の農民達に襲われ、天正十年四月十一日自刃した。丹後守を葬った墓は国道十六号と新青梅街道の交差点の少し北にある。皇国地誌によれば「円径六間許、高サ五尺余。上二五輪塔二基アリ。傍二又二基アリ……」 Kato Tango-no-kami Kagetada, his family and followers were attacked by the local farmers, and took their own lives on April 11, Tensho 10 (1582). The tomb where Tango-no-kami (the governor of Tango Province, in today's Kyoto Prefecture) was buried is located a little to the north of the intersection of National Route 16 and Shin-Ome Kaido. According to the Empire Regional Geography book, "The diameter is approx. 6-ken (11 m) and the height approx. 5-shaku (1.5 m). On the top, there are two Gorinto (five-element or five-ring pagoda), and two smaller ones are beside them..."
武蔵名勝図絵には「加藤景忠の墳・日光街道ヨリ一町程西ノ方田圃の中二塚アリ。上に槻(けやき)ノ大樹一株アリ。中分ヨリニ岐ニナリテ、一幹(葉ヲヒラク事早ケレドモ、一幹ハヤヤ遅クレテ葉ヲ開クユエ土俗伝フルハ一樹ニシテ陰陽ノ次第アリトイフ。」と記されているが、又一説によれば、塚そのものは古くからあったが、その場所へ、加藤氏を葬ったのではないかと云うものもいる。The ”Musashi Meisho Zu'e” (pictorial book of Musashi scenic views) described, "Kato Kagetada's burial mound is in the middle of a rice paddies about 1-cho (109 m) west of Nikko Kaido. On the top of it, a single large Zelkova tree stands. The tree branched in two in the middle of the trunk, and because one branch opens its leaves earlier than the other, local folklore says that it symbolizes Ying-Yang in a single tree". However, according to another theory, the Kato clan was buried in the mound which itself had been there before.
 いずれにしても、この塚の南に加藤八幡宮(武将の神という意味か)を建立し、灯籠、手洗鉢、鳥居など村民の寄進したものも現存し、境内は福生街道迄接しモミ、杉、桜が茂っていたが、今は国道十六号が中央部を横断し見る影もない。In any case, on the south side of the mound, Kato Hachimangu shrine (which possibly means the shrine for the deity of a military commander) had been erected with a stone lantern, a hand washing basin and Torii (a front gate), which were all contributed by the villagers, and still existing even now. The large precincts, which extended to Fussa Kaido, included flourishing fir, cedar, and cherry trees. However, since National Route 16 now passes through its middle, it is a mere shadow of what it used to be.