瑞穂町図書館/温故知新 ― 瑞穂町を旅する地域資料

みずほ50年

瑞穂50年の軌跡  Tracing 50 years of Mizuho History

昭和30年代  Showa 30s (1955-1964)

 朝鮮動乱が収まった後も、基地拡張が図られ、石畑を中心とした農地を失いました。騒音に苦しむ瑞穂中学校は、米軍が使用していた射撃場を返還してもらい、補償によって移転しました。また、中学校に同居していた農林分校は独立校舎をもつようになりました。 Even after the Korean War was concluded, expansion of the air base was planned, and the farmland around Ishihata was forfeited. Mizuho Junior High School, which suffered from the noise, requested the return of the firing range that the US force was using, and the school was relocated there, along with compensation. In addition, the Mizuho branch of the Tokyo Metropolitan Agriculture and Forestry High School, which had lived together within the junior high school, now had its own independent school building.
 基地の補償は公共施設の建設にあらわれ、青年研修所、役場新庁舎、町営プール等が実現しました。 The compensation by the air base facilitated the construction of public facilities, thereby enabling us to deliver a youth training center, a new town office building, municipal pool, etc.
 商業や交通の便で瑞穂町と密接な関係にあった元狭山村、基地で畑を失い、他に伸びる土地を求めていた瑞穂町は、かねて合併を希望し、関係方面に働きかけていましたが、県境を越えての合併ということで埼玉県の了解が得られず、合併促進派と残県派が激しく争った結果、二本木地区の多くを残したまま合併することになりました。 Both Moto-Sayama village and Mizuho had long been interested in a merger, the former being linked by close commercial and transportation ties, and the latter needing land for expansion to replace the crop-field lost to the air base. Despite having lobbied the relevant parties for this, the approval of Saitama Prefecture was not given because such a merger would change the prefectural boundary. As a result of the conflict between the pro-merger group and those preferring to remain in Saitama Prefecture, it was decided to merge but at the cost of leaving behind a large area of the Nihongi district.
 35年から石畑地区に都営住宅が建設され、それに自然増も加わって、35年に1万人を越えた人口が40年までに1万5千人を突破。 The town population exceeded 10,000 in 1960 and further increased beyond 15,000 by 1965, as a result of the metropolitan housing construction in the Ishihata area since 1960, as well as through natural increase.
 39年には東京オリンピックが開催され、瑞穂町民も聖火リレーに参加しました。そしてこの年、茶協同組合が茶の冷凍倉庫を完成させています。 In 1964 when the Tokyo Olympic Games were held, Mizuho townsmen also took part in the torch relay. In the same year, tea cooperatives completed the refrigerated warehouse for their tea.
 瑞穂町は戦中・戦後の困窮時代を払拭し、新しい町へと生まれ変わっていきました。 By now, Mizuho town had left behind the impoverished conditions of wartime and the post-war era and was emerging as a completely new town.

箱根ヶ崎駅構内
(昭和30年頃)

Hakonegasaki Station yard
(circa 1955)
町営住宅完成
(昭和31年)

Completion of municipal public housing project
(1956)
瑞穂・元狭山合併、
町村長の握手
(昭和33年)

Town and village mayors shaking hands at the merger of Mizuho and Moto-Sayama
(1958)
当時の町役場
(昭和32年頃)

The then town office
(circa 1957)
瑞穂中学校移転
(昭和33年)

Mizuho Junior High School after relocation to its new abode
(1958)
瑞穂町青年研修所開設
(現・箱根ヶ崎北会館、
昭和34年)

Mizuho Youth Training Center opening
(present Hakonegasaki North Hall, 1959)

年(西暦)
Year (CE)

Month
内  容Contents
昭和31年(1956)7横田基地拡張用地提供調印Signing for the release of land for the Yokota Air Base expansion.
9都議会にて、瑞穂、元狭山の合併は適当とする旨、議決Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly voting approval for the merger of Mizuho and Moto-Sayama.
12国運総会で日本加盟を承認UN General Assembly approved Japan's membership.
32年(1957)1第一小学校給食開始The First Elementary School began providing school lunch.
5慰霊塔除幕式Ceremony to unveil a war memorial tower.
10ソ連、スプートニク1号打上げに成功Soviet Union succeeded in launching Sputnik 1.
33年(1958)3瑞穂中学校校舎移転Mizuho Junior High School relocated.
10埼玉県元狭山村との合併Merger with Moto-Saitama Village, Saitama Prefecture.
34年(1959)4福生伝染病院組合への加入Mizuho entered into the association linked to the Fussa Infectious Deseases Hospital.
皇太子結婚式Crown prince's wedding
6第二小学給食開始The Second Elementary School started providing a school lunch service.
12青年研修所落成Youth Training Center completed
36年(1961)1瑞穂町役場庁舎落成Mizuho town office building completed.
37年(1962)6みどりのおばさん学童の交通指導開始Road Crossing Women Warden system for schoolchildren started
38年(1963)3有線放送電話業務開始cable broadcasting telephone business started.
6上水道給水開始Municipal water-works system commenced
11ケネディ米大統領暗殺US President J. F. Kennedy assassinated.
39年(1964)4学校給食センター設置School lunch service center was installed.
9清掃事業開始Cleaning Project begun
10第18回東京オリンピック大会開催Staging of the 18th Olympic Games in Tokyo

昭和30年代  Showa 30s (1955-1964)
瑞穂町役場新庁舎落成
(昭和36年)

New Mizuho town office building inauguration
(1961)
瑞穂郵便局、
旧役場庁舎跡に開局
(昭和38年)

Mizuho post office opened in the former town office site
(1963)
有線放送電話業務開始
(昭和38年)

A cable broadcasting telephone business started
(1963)


Tea plantation
酪農
Dairy farming
ダルマ
Daruma doll production
全町給水へ向けて
(昭和39年)

Efforts to extend the municipal water supply to the entire town
(1964)