瑞穂町図書館/温故知新 ― 瑞穂町を旅する地域資料

瑞穂町町制施行70周年記念誌

瑞穂の略史  Brief History of Mizuho

 

015-8
握手する瑞穂町長(左)と元狭山村長(右)
Mizuho town mayor (left) and Motosayama village mayor (right)
shaking hands.

 
 昭和20年(1945年)日本は敗戦し、太平洋戦争が終結した。社会制度は混乱し物資不足が深刻化、瑞穂町もその影響を免れなかった。In 1945, Japan was defeated, and the Pacific War ended. The social system was confused and there was an increasingly serious shortage of goods: all of which affected Mizuho.
 アメリカは日本を占領し、旧陸軍の多摩飛行場はアメリカ軍の第一騎兵師団一個中隊が進駐し、横田基地となった。占領時、基地は大型爆撃機が離発着するには滑走路が狭かったことから、基地北西の瑞穂町域側に拡張され、軍用機離発着の騒音と共に町民の生活上大きな影響を与えることとなった。The United States occupied Japan, and a squadron of the First Cavalry Division of the United States Armed Forces was stationed in the former Imperial Army's Tama Airfield, which subsequently became the Yokota Air Base. During the occupation, due to the fact that the runway of the base was too narrow for large bombers to take off and land, it was expanded to the northwest of the base, i.e. on the Mizuho town side. Subsequently, this began to make a big impact on the townspeople's life, particularly with the noise of military aircraft taking off and landing.
 昭和28年、市町村合併促進法が成立すると、昭和33年東京都西多摩郡瑞穂町と埼玉県入間郡元狭山村は越境合併し、現在の瑞穂町域が成立した。In 1953 the Law for the Promotion of the Mergers of Cities, Towns and Villages was enacted. In 1958, Mizuho Town in Nishitama-gun, Tokyo, and Motosayama village in Iruma-gun, Saitama Prefecture, made a cross-prefectural-border merger, and so the current Mizuho town area was established.
015-9
八高線箱根ケ崎駅旧駅舎
Old Hakonegasaki Station building of the Hachiko Line